Article of the Year 2021
Preclinical Molecular PET-CT Imaging Targeting CDCP1 in Colorectal CancerRead the full article
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging is an exciting journal in the area of contrast agents and molecular imaging, covering all areas of imaging technologies with a special emphasis on MRI and PET.
Chief Editor, Professor Zimmer, focuses on the development and use of PET radiotracers for new applications of PET/MRI imaging in neuroscience and pharmacology.
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Study on the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Care in ICU Patients Based on Meta-Analysis
The effectiveness and safety of oral care in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients by meta-analysis are explored. According to the research direction of the effectiveness and safety of oral nursing in ICU patients, the corresponding literature studies are retrieved in literature databases and meta-analysis is performed. A total of 17 Chinese and English literature studies are included, and the literature has no obvious publication bias. The experimental results show that the improvement effect of dry mouth and halitosis in the improved group is significantly higher than that in the traditional group, and the dry mouth score, plaque index, and complications such as oral mucosa infection, oral mucosa damage, and halitosis are significantly reduced in the improved group, and the differences are statistically significant (). Improved oral care can significantly improve the symptoms of dry mouth and halitosis in ICU patients, quickly remove dental plaque and effectively reduce the incidence of complications such as halitosis, oral mucosal infection, and oral mucosal damage. Improved oral care is an effective and safe ICU nursing program.
Relationship between Dynamic Changes of Microcirculation Flow, Tissue Perfusion Parameters, and Lactate Level and Mortality of Septic Shock in ICU
Background. Septic shock is a common clinical critical disease with high mortality, hemodynamic instability, and easy to be complicated with multiple organ failure. The rapid progress of the patient’s condition poses a serious threat to patient’s safety. Aim. To investigate the relationship between the dynamic monitoring of microcirculation perfusion parameters and blood lactic acid level and the prognosis of patients with infection shock in ICU. Methods. A total of 104 patients with septic shock admitted to ICU of Affiliated Hai’an Hospital of Nantong University from February 2018 to June 2021 were selected for clinical research. According to the survival situation of patients after 28 days of treatment, they were divided into the death group (n = 48) and the survival group (n = 56). The central venous-arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure difference (Pcv-aCO2), the ratio of central venous-arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure difference to arterial central venous oxygen content difference (Pcv-aCO2/Ca-cvO2), and blood lactic acid level were retrospectively analyzed and compared between the two groups on the first, third, and seventh days after admission to ICU. The odds ratio (OR) of three indexes affecting the prognosis of patients with septic shock was analyzed by univariate and multivariate mathematical models, and the value of three indexes in predicting the prognosis of patients was analyzed by receiver operating curve (ROC). Results. Pcv-aCO2 and lactic acid in the death group were higher than those in the survival group on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day of ICU stay ( < 0.05). The Pcv-aCO2/Ca-cvO2 of the death group was higher than that of the survival group on the 3rd and 7th day of ICU stay ( < 0.05). Logistic model results showed that age, SOFA score, APACHE II score, the number of multiple organ failure (MODS), intracranial infection, the increase of Pcv-aCO2, Pcv-aCO2/Ca-cvO2, and the increase of lactic acid were independent risk factors for death in patients with septic shock (OR values were 1.519, 1.808, 1.781, 1.912, 2.069, 1.848, 1.781, and 1.642, respectively, < 0.05). The results showed that the AUC value of Pcv-aCO2 in predicting death was 0.943, and the sensitivity and specificity were 93.72% and 83.09%, respectively. The AUC value of Pcv-aCO2/Ca-cvO2 for predicting death was 0.887, and the sensitivity and specificity were 81.63% and 77.56%, respectively. The AUC value of lactic acid in predicting death of patients was 0.825, and the sensitivity and specificity were 71.66% and 82.09%, respectively. Conclusion. Changes of microcirculation flow tissue perfusion parameters and blood lactic acid level changes are closely related to the prognosis of patients with septic shock, which is of great value in the evaluation of the prognosis of patients with septic shock.
The Effects of Sequential Ventilation Therapy on Blood Gas Indexes, Pulmonary Function Indexes, Clinical Efficacy, and Safety in Patients with Severe Cor Pulmonale
As a heart disease caused by pulmonary arterial hypertension, pulmonary heart disease has a high incidence and poor clinical prognosis in the elderly. Including mechanical ventilation in the current clinical treatment of cor pulmonale, with the development of medical technology, traditional invasive mechanical ventilation has been pointed out to have certain clinical limitations, so new invasive and noninvasive sequential ventilation treatments are gradually being used. Applied in clinical practice, this article selected 96 patients with severe cor pulmonale in our hospital from January 2020 to May 2021 as the research object and conducted a randomized prospective study. The experimental results show that the two general methods can improve the blood gas index and pulmonary function index of patients with heart disease and pulmonary dysfunction, but the improvement of the above indexes by the sequence of action of gas therapy is better than that of conventional invasive mechanical ventilation.
Prediction of Scar Myometrium Thickness and Previous Cesarean Scar Defect Using the Three-Dimensional Vaginal Ultrasound
This research aimed to explore the related factors of scar myometrial thickness and scar diverticulum formation and then predict the occurrence of uterine diverticula. 140 patients with cesarean section were selected as the research objects. According to the three-dimensional (3D) vaginal ultrasound echo and the diagnostic criteria of uterine diverticulum, the research objects were divided into a diverticulum group and a control group, with 70 cases in each group. Data such as age, number of cesarean sections, endometrial thickness, uterine position, and diverticulum size was collected, and their relationship with uterine diverticulum was compared and analyzed. The results showed that there were significant differences in menstrual days, cesarean section times, and uterine position between the two groups (P < 0.05). The height (9.02 ± 2.97), width (14.02 ± 3.08), and depth (5.14 ± 1.23) of the posterior uterine diverticula in the scar diverticulum group were all greater than the anterior uterine height (6.69 ± 1.36), the width (10.69 ± 2.15), and the depth (3.86 ± 0.69), respectively. The residual myometrium thickness in posterior position of the uterus (2.98 ± 0.75) was < anterior position of uterus (3.43 ± 0.47), and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the frequency of cesarean section (1 time, 2 times), uterine position, and abnormal menstruation were independent risk factors in the scar diverticulum group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, menstrual abnormalities, the number of cesarean sections (1 time or twice), and the position of the uterus are independent risk factors for the formation of uterine scar diverticula. The deeper the diverticula, the more likely to have menstrual abnormalities, the more prone to diverticulum in patients with posterior uterus, and the deeper the diverticula in patients with 2 dissections.
The Practical Effect of Action Intervention Strategy Combined Based on Surgical and Psychological Factors
This study mainly analyzes the related surgical and psychological factors that cause the change of thirst degree after gastrointestinal surgery, and observes the practical effect of action intervention strategy combined with the two factors on reducing postoperative thirst degree. Based on this, the clinical data of 87 patients who underwent gastrointestinal tumor resection in our hospital from January 2020 to January 2021 is retrospectively analyzed. The degree of thirst is evaluated by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the subjects are divided into three groups: a mild group (n = 29), a moderate group (n = 35), and a severe group (n = 23), and their psychological and surgical indicators are compared and analyzed. The results show that the thirst degree and light comfort of mouth in the study group are better than those in the control group at 2 h after surgery, and there is no significant difference when compared to 6 h after surgery, but the thirst degree and oral discomfort in the control group at 6 h after surgery are significantly higher than those in the study group at 2 h after surgery. It is suggested that an action research intervention strategy with a high practical effect can effectively reduce postoperative thirst and oral discomfort.
The Expression of hnRNP A2/B1 in Benign and Malignant Lung Lesions and Its Early Diagnosis Value in NSCLC
Lung cancer in its occurrence and development of different stages exist different biological behavior changes. This paper studies the expression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A2/B1 in benign and malignant lung lesions and its early diagnosis value of nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), aiming to provide reference for the early diagnosis and therapy of NSCLC. Some lung surgery specimens are selected from January 2021 to March 2022. All cases received no radiotherapy and chemotherapy before surgery, including 90 sufferers with benign lung lesions as the contrast set. hnRNP A2/B1 expressions are measured for comparison. The experimental results show that for lung cancer sufferers, the positive expression of hnRNP A2/B1 in their malignant lesion tissue is notoriously higher than that in their benign lesion tissue, and hnRNP A2/B1 is differently expressed in different differentiation and in different stages.